Monday, 24 February 2014

Sanitation in Schools and Anganwadi Centres

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Sh. Bharatsinh Solanki informed Lok Sabha members in reply to question that the Government of India administers the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), a comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with the main goal of eradicating the practice of open defecation and ensuring clean environment. 

NBA is operated in a project mode taking district as a unit.  The main components under the programme are incentives for Individual Household Latrines (IHHL), School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE), assistance for Community Sanitary Complex, School and Anganwadi toilets and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM). 

 The NBA projects cover rural areas of 607 districts of the country.  Under SSHE component of NBA, the projects include provision of adequate sanitation facilities in those government schools in the rural areas that were setup prior to 2007.  NBA monitors number of school toilet units provided in these schools against district project objectives. 

 At all India level, as against the total project objectives of 13.75 lakh school toilet units in various rural schools under NBA, 13.27  lakh have been reported to be constructed as per progress reported by the States through on line data monitoring system maintained by the Ministry, as of January 2014.

 After 2007, Government School setup are covered under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). In case of Anganwadi in Government Building, against target of 5.34 lakh Anganwadi toilets, 4.64 Anganwadi toilets have been reported to be constructed. State wise details are at Annexure-I.  

Several letters have been written to State Secretaries Incharge of Rural Sanitation to provided toilets in schools and Anganwadis on priority basis. Matter has been regularly discussed in various review meetings and Video Conferences. State rural sanitation departments have also been asked to coordinate with SSA departments to ensure compliance of Supreme Court Order.

Since NBA is demand driven, hence no state-wise allocation is made. However central share expenditure on school and anganwadi toilets during each of the last three years and the current year, State/UT-wise is at Annexure-2

Under NBA, component-wise funds are not released. However State/UT-wise central share released during last 3 years and current year is at Annexure-3.

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